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Reading Lists

We curated a comprehensive list of Aquatecture - floating architecture and innovative zone governance research publications by key authors in the fields. For Aquatecture, we put together papers on the main aspects of the field: climate and sustainability; engineering; architecture and design; transportation and infrastructure; case studies; technology; industry and urban planning.  For Maritime Governance and Special Economic Zones, we curated a list of research publications focused on the governance and legal aspects of floating projects, urban planning, and case studies of floating living spaces and special economic zones.

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Case Studies


    ⦁ Utilization of Historical City for sustainable tourism: a case study of Floating Market in Thailand. Chaweewan Denpaiboon.

    ⦁ A study on present condition and spatial organization of Domestic Marina Club to design leisure Floating Architecture. Sung-Sine Pak.

   ⦁ Lightweight prefabricated floating buildings for shallow inland waters. Design and construction of the Floating Hotel Apartment in Poland. Karolina Ostrowska- Wawryniuk, Łukasz Piątek.

   ⦁ Sustainable floating architecture prototype as Energy Efficiency Methods Implementation in Indonesia. Rani Yuni Wulandari, Stephanus Wirawan Dharmatanna, Sitti Awalia Dewi Permatasari,  Diandra Aprilia Judiono, Ismail Salam.

  ⦁ Circling Research with Design: NLÉ's African Water Cities Project and Prototype Floating School for Makoko. Kunlé Adeyemi.


Maritime & Floating Governance - Special Zones



Governance of Floating Structures

 Developing Floating Communities: a comparative research to examine flood resilience in cities, considered from an institutional capacity approach. M.L. Leijstra.

⦁ A legal regime for the exploration and exploitation of offshore renewable energy. Francesca Galea.


Governance of Complex Systems

 Reconfiguring environmental governance: towards a politics of scales and networks. Harriet Bulkeley.

⦁ The comparative politics of Transnational Climate Governance. Thomas Hale.

Global governance in the context of climate change: the challenges of increasingly complex risk parameters. Carolyn Deere Birkbeck.

⦁ Finding the coast: Environmental governance and the characterization of land and sea. Catherine Leyshon.


Legal Classification of Floating structures

Floating Homes - vessels or real property. Janis                         Viesturs.

⦁ Artificial islands in the Law of the Sea. Francesca  Galea.

⦁   Legal issues for Artificial Floating Islands. Maarten Flikkema, Fen-Yu (Vicky) Lin, Pernille P. J. van der Plank, Jos Koning, Olaf Waals.

Blockchain and Decentralization

⦁ Economics of Blockchain. Sinclair Davidson. 

Blockchain Technology and Decentralized Governance: is the State Still Necessary?. Marcella Atzori.

Special Zones and New Jurisdictions

⦁ Modernity and the urban imagination in Economic Zones. Jonathan Bach.

⦁ Special Economic Zones and WTO Compliance: evidence from the Dominican Republic. Fabrice Defever.

Planning for Special Economic Zone: a regional perspective. V. Devadas. 

Special Economic Zones in Africa: comparing performance and learning from global experience. Thomas C. Farole.

Port cities in Asia and Europe. Arndt Graf.

Emergence of a new Hanseatic League: how Special Economic Zones will reshape Global Governance. Mark Frazier.

Founding Startup Societies: A Step by Step Guide. Joseph MacKinney, Mark Frazier. 

Smart Cities, transparency, civic technology, and reinventing government. Nina David, John G. McNuttJonathan B. Justice. 

The New Science of Cities. Michael Batty.

Special International Zones in practice and theory. Tom            W. Bell.





⦁ Seasteading: how floating nations will restore the environment, enrich the poor, cure the sick, and liberate humanity from politicians. Joe Quirk, Patri Friedman.

⦁ The true obstacle to the autonomy of Seasteads: american law enforcement jurisdiction over Homesteads on the high seas. O. Shane Balloun, Charles Roger, Liliana Andonova.

⦁ Law, Governance, and International Relations of Seasteads. Tom W. Bell.

Atlas Swam: freedom, capital, and floating sovereignties in the Seasteading vision. Elizabeth Nyman, Philip E. Steinberg; Mauro J. Caraccioli.

Dynamic Geography: a blueprint for efficient government. Patri Friedman.

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One of our partners/clients is the Startup Societies Foundation with its Institute for Competitive Governance. Seaphia leads the publication of the Startup Society's Journal of Special Jurisdictions. This is the only active academic journal focused on special jurisdictions. 

Every issue of the journal focuses on innovative jurisdictions from across the world.


By participating in the Journal of Special Jurisdictions, Seaphia pushes the boundaries of knowledge in the governance and decentralized governance space.  

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Governance and Regulations Research

Journal publications

Paving the Waves Conference

Paving the Waves was the largest conference specialized in floating. It brought together leading international experts from the industry, policymakers, entrepreneurs, and researchers from across the world to share knowledge on floating solutions. 

The conference took place digitally in 2020, and Seaphia organized and hosted the online part of the event.  


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Floating Cities and Floating Architecture

Image by Thanos Pal
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